Figure of Eight Knot – The classic end of rope stopper knot used by sailors in halyards and sheets to prevent the end of the rope running out of a block or fairlead. Easy to tie and remember, it’s a very versatile knot, but a word of caution, this knot comes undone easily if subjected to constant flailing; remember to leave a long end.
Round Turn & Two Half Hitches – Probably the most used ‘general purpose’ knot in boating. It is one of the safest, secure and reliable knot you’ll ever use on the water.
Bowline – Another much used general purpose knot, it forms a temporary fixed loop in the end of a rope which can be used, among other things, to secure sheets to sails, make a loop in a temporary mooring line.
Securing to a cleat – O-X-O
1. Take a full turn around the cleat
2. Make a figure 8 over the cleat (and again?)
3. Take another full turn around the cleat